Updating the Webpage

To add/edit blog posts or information pages, you don’t need to set up Ruby/Jekyll. You only need to add and/or edit some files, which you can even do on the GitHub code repository itself (no actual git knowledge needed!)

Overview of this page:

Adding Blog Posts

Adding posts that appear on the blog section on the main page:

  1. Create a new file in the _posts directory. The file needs to follow the naming convention YYYY-MM-DD-some-description-here.markdown.
  2. The file should start with a special header. You can copy and adapt this header, or just copy, rename and update one of the already existing blog posts. (Jekyll will complain about the post layout, but for now giving it a dummy value instead of an actual layout gives the best result.)
    layout: post
    title: "POST TITLE HERE!"
    date: YYYY-MM-DD
  3. It’s also possible to add another line to the header, categories, e.g. categories: events or categories: announcements. Once/if we have a lot of posts, this might be interesting for filtering the posts, but for now, it’s not really important.
  4. The rest of the post is the actual content, written in a flavour of Markdown called Kramdown.
  5. You can add images or other files if you put them in a subfolder of files.

Adding Pages

  1. Create a new markdown file in the pages folder.
  2. Add a header following this format to your file:
    title: PAGE TITLE HERE
    permalink: /URL-SUFFIX-HERE/
  3. The rest of the page is the actual content, written in a flavour of Markdown called Kramdown.
  4. To create a link to the page to the sidebar, you need to add it to _data/navigation.yml. For intra-website links, only the permalink is necessary, not the full URL.
  5. You can add images or other files if you put them in a subfolder of files.

Installing Ruby/Jekyll and Previewing the Page Locally

  1. Install Ruby and Jekyll (scroll past the requirements and open the guide that matches your operating system; the guides tell you how to install everything you need).
  2. Clone this repository: git clone https://github.com/fs-linguistics/fs-linguistics.github.io.git and navigate to the corresponding directory.
  3. Run bundle install to get all of the packages our website relies on.
  4. To build the site locally, run bundle exec jekyll serve. It’s now available in your browser at http://localhost:4000. You can stop the build with CTRL + C. (Don’t worry about messages like Build Warning: Layout 'post' requested in _posts/some-date-and-title-here.markdown does not exist.)

Updating Changes Globally

This can be done without installing Ruby and Jekyll, although it’s a good idea to try out changes locally first.

  1. Push the changes to the shared repo.
  2. GitHub will try to rebuild the page including your changes. In the commits tab of this repo, a green checkmark should appear as part of your commit. This can take a couple of minutes.
  3. Check the website (hard refresh, if necessary). It sometimes also takes a few minutes between GitHub adding the green checkmark to your commit and the website actually displaying the changes.

Security Alerts

Every now and then, GitHub has a security concern for some package that is used to construct the website.

If GitHub provides a pull request for this via @dependabot with a name like “Bump activesupport from to”, simply accept the pull request and you’re done.

Otherwise, there might just be an alert in the Security tab of the website’s GitHub project. You can click on the button that invites you to perform a Dependabot security update, which will create a pull request for you that you just need to accept. Alternatively, the security alert will also tell you how to solve the problem yourself: Just add the code it suggests (gem "gem-name-here", ">= version.number.here") to the end of the Gemfile, and then run:

gem install gem-name-here
gem update gem-name-here
bundle update gem-name-here
bundle install

This will update Gemfile.lock. Commit and push the changes.

Jekyll Theme Modifications

We’re currently using a modified version of the Minimal Mistakes theme for Jekyll. The most important changes are:

  • _includes/archive-single.html: Overriding the blog post layout
  • assets/css/main.scss: Custom CSS
  • _data/navigation.yml: Sidebar contents

To override a file from the theme, simply create a new file in our repo that has the same path as the one in the Minimal Mistakes repo.